What and Why:
Video modeling is used to teach a targeted skill through the use of a video recording. It can be used to teach communication, social, academic/cognition, and play skills for students with autism and other developmental disabilities.
- Recording device (iPad, smart phone, digital camera, photo booth, etc)
- Device for student to view the video
How and When to Implement:
- Select the behavior or skill to target
- Planning for the recording
- Identify the kind of video modeling that is appropriate for the learner
- Record video, edit as needed, and add voice overs, if necessary
- Select time and environment for watching video
- May need to show the video several times before targeting skills
- Stop the videotape after each step so that the behavior can be performed
- Troubleshoot if student is not making progress
Things to Consider/Problem Solving:
- How is the most relevant missing skill shown? (consider a task analysis to determine what skill is missing for large sequences)
- How is the student receiving reinforcement when they are performing or attempting to perform the targeted skill? (It’s ok to reinforce at step 2 instead of waiting until step 10, especially if step 2 is difficult)
- Which type of modeling does the student respond to best or is most appropriate for this skill? video modeling, video self-modeling, point-of-view video modeling, or video prompting
- Am I showing the video at the right time (ideally shown just before you want skill to be used, ex. how to go through line in cafeteria is better just before lunch than at start of the day). How often the student is watching video per week/day?
- How are adults and/or peers prompting?
- Is the video too complex?
Useful Resources to Learn More
Research and implementation guide : http://autismpdc.fpg.unc.edu/sites/autismpdc.fpg.unc.edu/files/imce/documents/VideoModeling_Complete.pdf
Internet Module: http://www.autisminternetmodules.org/ (need to create a free account to access)
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Information compiled by Lincoln Public Schools Autism Team (September 2015)