Lincoln Safe & Successful Kids Joint Public Agency (JPA)

Questions and Answers

What is the mission statement of the Lincoln Safe and Successful Kids JPA?

The safety and success of the children in the City of Lincoln community is instrumental to the community’s success.

What is the difference between a JPA, a Memorandum of Understanding, and an Interlocal Agreement?

Joint Public AgencyInterlocal Cooperative AgreementMemorandum of Understanding
Authorized by statute §§13-2501 to 13-2550 known as the Joint Public Agency ActAuthorized by statute §§13-801 to 13-827 known as the Interlocal Cooperation ActContract only (no statutory authority)
Participants must be public agencies (i.e. government)Participants must be public agencies (i.e. government)May involve non-governmental organizations (i.e. private parties)
Formed by (i) need resolution, (ii) written agreement and statement filed with SOSFormed by (i) written agreement, (ii) statement filed with State Auditor of Public AccountsParticipants sign written agreement
JPA must have a governing board and is a separate public agency (political subdivision)May or may not have a governing board or program administrators, may or may not create separate (new) public agencyNo public agency created
Participants may transfer taxing authority to the JPA, allowing the JPA to levy its own tax No transfer of taxing authority allowed through Interlocals, funding through contracted revenue of participantsNo taxing authority, contracted funding of participants
JPA has powers authorized by at least one of the ParticipantsIf new public agency, has powers authorized by at least one ParticipantNo new powers
Distribution of funds? Separate funding stream, allocated to both LPS and City activitiesDistribution of funds? A contracted funding stream for activities between LPS and CityDistribution of funds? Terms defined and payments made between parties

What does the Lincoln Safe and Successful Kids JPA fund?

Six School Resource Officers (SROs), one police officer to assist with threat assessment, Community Learning Center (CLC) activities currently offered by the City’s Parks and Recreation department, staff, programming and scholarship to support all CLCs, a social worker and funding for mental health services for students.

Budget Estimates 2018-2019

SROs and Threat Assessment OfficerJPA $445,920
LPS $240,111
CLC Parks and Recreation$620,733
CLC Staff, Program Enhancements, Scholarships$603,000
Social Work and Contracted Mental Health Services$400,000
Estimated Administrative Cost$30,000

How can the LPS Board and City change the JPA?

Changes to the JPA would be advanced to both the LPS Board and the City Council for consideration and amendments would require an affirmative vote of both parties. Either party could dissolve the JPA with six months’ notice prior to the end of the fiscal year.

Will the JPA Board and the Non-Profit Board be required to follow the Open Meetings Act, resulting in the requirement that all meetings be public meetings?


Is the JPA levy neutral?

The JPA will be authorized to levy up to 1 cent of property taxes. Individual city elected officials and school board members have expressed an interest in making the JPA proposal levy neutral for 2018-2019 as they work through their respective budget processes.

Is LPS sending any funds to the JPA?

No. Start-up expenses will be divided equally between the City and LPS and may be reimbursed by the Safe and Successful JPA in the 2018-2019 fiscal year. This should not result in money to the JPA but could result in money spent of the JPA.

Colorful school supplies in backpack on white background

JPA Discussion from LPS Live

Prior to most Tuesday evening board meetings, Don Mayhew hosts our LPS Live Board Preview show on Facebook Live. Two recent broadcasts have focused on the JPA.

April 10, 2018
Don Mayhew visits with LPS Board Member Connie Duncan and Lynn Johnson, Lincoln City Parks and Recreation Director about the proposed JPA.

April 24, 2018
Don Mayhew sits down with Lincoln City Council Member Carl Eskridge to discuss the JPA.

What are the goals of CLCs and how does this JPA help us toward those goals?

The goals of CLCs include sustaining existing funding, pursuing additional funding, strengthening the leadership structure, increasing quality of programming, and establishing a new evaluation system.

Whom do CLCs serve?

Students and families in 26 Title I elementary schools.

How will LPS receive funding from the JPA to hire, manage, and compensate the new CLC School Community Coordinators and any behavioral health professionals?

The City will provide fiscal and legal services to the JPA and LPS expenses for mental health and CLC services as defined and budgeted by the JPA.

What may happen to CLCs if we don’t figure out how to sustain them?

All CLC sites are reliant on grants and other funding sources. Reliable and sustainable funding sources are essential to continuation of CLCs.

How are CLCs related to school safety?

CLCs provide a safe and productive place during the peak hours of unsupervised time for children. The hours between 3 p.m. and 6 p.m. are the peak hours for juvenile crime and experimentation with high-risk behaviors. Teens who do not participate in after-school programs are nearly three times more likely to skip classes than teens who do participate. They are also three times more likely to use marijuana or other drugs, and they are more likely to drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes, and engage in sexual activity.

Do CLCs improve academic outcomes in elementary and middle school?

In 2016-2017 review of data, the percentage of CLC students meeting or exceeding academic standards was higher than the percentage of students meeting or exceeding standards in the CLC school as a whole. Data available at

What is the role of the social worker that would be funded by the JPA?

The Social Worker will work directly with families and coordinate contracted mental health therapy services for students in CLC sites and serve on the threat assessment team.

What has LPS done to increase staff to support the social emotional needs of students?

LPS continues to incrementally increase school counselors, social workers, and school psychologists. In addition, LPS coordinates and contracts for community mental health services for students.

How is mental health related to school safety?

School mental health services are essential to creating and sustaining safe schools. Increased access to mental health services and supports in schools is vital to improving the physical and psychological safety of our students and schools, as well as academic performance and problem-solving skills.

How will the relationship between the schools and SROs be defined?

The roles will be defined in a Memorandum of Understanding between LPS and the City of Lincoln.

Will the new SRO and threat assessment officers be hired by and managed by the City?


How will the LPS funding portion of the new SRO and threat assessment officers be determined?

The JPA references the existing interlocal agreement as the basis for the calculation. The JPA does allow the flexibility for the City and LPS to mutually agree otherwise by a separate written agreement.

Will LPS send funds directly to the City to cover its portion of the costs for the school resource officers and threat assessment officer outlined in the JPA?

Yes. LPS funds for school resource officers and the threat assessment officer will not go through the JPA, funds will go to the City.

How much does LPS spend on Security annually?

LPS spends $3.2 million annually on secured entrance monitors, campus supervisors, high school level school resource officers, district director and coordinators, supplies, equipment and contracted services. LPS completed over $5,000,000 in security projects from the last bond issue.